Accessibility Status of Central Government Universities in India

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We always believe that any learning should come from education and educational institutions. In India, if not more, at least we are talking about digital accessibility since 2008 (I’m saying it as that is the year when Government of India has published Guidelines for Indian Government Websites). There are about 46 universities run by Central Government of India. We have conducted a quick accessibility audit of websites of all these central universities with two parameters in mind:

  • Total number of accessibility violations
  • Number of color contrast issues

We have not conducted a full audit of each home page; but have done a quick audit using automated testing tool aXe by Deque Systems Inc.

There is only “Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University meets the closest requirement of WCAG 2.0 AA compliance.

There found one website that has 300 WCAG 2.0 violations just on the home page. Below is a quick snapshot of how these websites are doing from WCAG 2.0 prospective.

There found one website that hos more than 200 color contrast issues. Below is a snapshot of how these portals are doing from color contrast prospective. Many sites have more color contrast issues than other violations; this clearly indicates importance of why accessibility needs to be considered at the design stage itself.

Below table shows list of WCAG 2.0 violations and number of color contrast issues against each website.

University Name No. of WCAG 2.0 issues Color Contrast issues
Rajiv Gandhi University, Arunachal Pradesh 103 84
Assam University, Assam 33 15
Tezpur University, Assam 16 0
Central University of South Bihar 16 3
Mahatma Gandhi Central University, Bihar 34 1
Nalanda University, Bihar 9 4
Guru Ghasidas University 300 1
Indira Gandhi National Open University 29 17
Jamia Milia Islamia 128 56
Jawaharlal Nehru University 28 2
South Asian University, Delhi 9 4
University of Delhi 8 7
Central University of Gujarat 127 6
Central University of Haryana 21 6
Central University of Himachal Pradesh 36 9
Central University of Jammu 229 218
Central University of Kashmir 128 17
Central University of Jharkhand 49 0
Central University of Karnataka 28 25
Central University of Kerala 24 14
Dr. Hari Singh Gaur University 93 6
Indira Gandhi National Tribal University 124 17
Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi VishwaVidyalaya,Wardha 83 2
Central Agricultural University 19 15
Manipur University 13 0
North Eastern Hill University 27 10
Mizoram University 12 2
Nagaland University 18 0
Central University of Orissa 57 12
Pondicherry University 18 6
Central University of Punjab 83 14
Central University of Rajasthan 26 0
Sikkim University 31 4
Central University of Tamil Nadu 41 7
Indian Maritime University 27 0
English and Foreign Languages University 54 2
Maulana Azad National Urdu University 35 0
Univeristy of Hyderabad 20 10
Tripura University 40 19
Aligarh Muslim University 43 7
University of Allahabad 21 9
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University 48 11
Banaras Hindu University 66 5
The Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural University 51 3

If we can get these institutions educated on accessibility and make these websites accessible would lead journey of inclusion to a long way. Let’s spread the word!


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