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Month: May 2016

Summary of Global Accessibility Awareness Day

May 23, 2016 • Srinivasu Chakravarthula

We have posted a few posts to mark Global Accessibility Awareness Day and we continue to put in efforts to raise awareness about accessibility. Besides, here is a quick Summary of Global Accessibility Awareness Day.

At Informatica
Informatica has hosted an internal awareness event to its employees. Event includes a presentation on accessibility in general and accessibility at Informatica, an activity to show simpulation of people with disabilities, an activity of how keyboard only users can use the technologies.

At Mitra Jyothi
Prakat Solutions, Mitra Jyothi Rotary Club of Koramangala has organized an event consist of a video screening and 2 panel discussions. Below is a note put together post the event.

19th, May, 2016
Mitra Jyothi Auditorium, HSR Layout, Bangalore

Setting the stage:
The GAAD, a collaborative effort of Mitra Jyothi, Prakat Solutions and Rotary Koramangala was a day that saw a culmination of voices, thoughts, approaches and solutions and an increased awareness of challenges faced by people with disabilities (PWD). A video that brought to us the perspectives of various PWD and their challenges was followed by a panel discussion in two parts where eminent panelists from diverse backgrounds spoke about the various approaches, challenges and stories of innovative solutions in the field of Accessibility.

The event opened with the lighting of lamp by Major Singh and Madam Uma of Mitra Jyothi. Following this, the tone of the event was set by Ms. Madhu Singhal, Founder of Mitra Jyothi, by stressing that Accessibility is not something achievable by a few, but each person has to play their part to make it a reality.

Mrs. Anuradha Biswas, Founder of Prakat Solutions, gave us the background behind the GAAD: The idea of a GAAD started with a single blog post written by a Los Angeles-based web developer, Joe Devon. Jennison Asuncion, an Accessibility professional from Toronto discovered Joe’s blog post purely by accident thanks to Twitter. After reading it, he immediately contacted Joe and they joined forces, leveraging their extensive and respective networks to realize the event.
She invited the audience to put on their thinking hats and pitch in with ideas, thoughts and questions.
The diverse audience comprised of several professionals from Intuit, Oracle, Wipro, IBM etc., developers, designers and testers, besides people with disabilities and those from NGOs.

GAAD video presentation:
The session began with an eye-opening video that educated and sensitized us about what accessibility is and why there is such a pressing need for it by bringing to us the perspectives of people who faced several different types of disabilities. They spoke about the challenges they face as they navigate the digital world- something that we take entirely for granted.
The statistics are actually quite shocking- 9 out of 10 websites are not accessible. A large number if services and products online are not available to PWD due to the lack of awareness on the part of corporates, developers, designers etc. We also got a peek into the various types of assistive technologies and the many tools available to compensate for any limitations a user may have.

Panel discussion:
Panel 1

The panel discussion happened in two parts, the first one was moderated by Anu Biswas, Founder & CEO, Prakat Solutions who was joined by Madhu Singhal, Founder & Managing Trustee, Mitra Jyothi, Vishwajit Aklecha, Product Architect behind Intuit’s QuickBooks and Srinivasu Chakravarthula, Lead Accessibility Consultant, Informatica.

Srinivasu, spoke about the two types of enterprises, based on their approach to accessibility- the proactive and the reactive. The proactive take initiative and make their products and services accessible, (perhaps because the leadership is passionate about the cause) while the reactive come to understand the importance of accessibility either through a lawsuit or the threat of one. He gave the example of Apple, which although started out as reactive, pledged to incorporate accessibility into the design of every Apple device thereafter, and indeed, today we see that every Apple device comes with a complete accessibility suite. He stressed that awareness and sensitization could convert the reactive to become proactive.
It is important to focus on accessibility earlier on in the process. This would be much easier and cost effective than the alternative approach of converting existing products phase-wise, to make them accessible.
Another important aspect he highlighted was the fact that awareness about accessibility should also come to developers through education and training.

Vishwajit, answering the question as to what could influence product companies to integrate accessibility into their processes and design, shared the story of Quickbooks, an accounting ecosystem by Intuit. When he heard from visually challenged individuals who were using the software and said that they could not even select the date on the software, that is when he started the initiative to test the accessibility of the product and partnered with the visually challenged in making the tool accessible. This initiative was made possible by convincing stakeholders that it is not always about the numbers. And sure enough, the next release of QuickBooks in 2013, met a lot of appreciation for being accessible and inclusive. He said that this brought a lot of hope and motivation for users.

Madhuji, who has been an inspiration for the founders at Prakat, spoke about how any design should take accessibility into account in the earlier stages. She pointed out that many designs that meant to be accessible are not actually so in practice. She gave the example of a cane for the visually challenged that she had recently come across that was so heavy that it was not at all practical!
She highlighted simple examples from her own life- how when she gets an invite to an event in .jpeg format, she has to wait for a sighted person to show up and read the details to her. If I could only do my own work without depending on others, that would make me so happy, she said. Roads, public transport and the lack of accessible toilets, all pose safety threats and hinder the everyday lives of people with disabilities. She stressed on the importance of persisting and continuing to highlight issues to the Government and to technology professionals who would be able to bring about a change.

Petition to make Karnataka Govt. websites accessible:
Abhik Biswas, President, Rotary Koramangala and Co-founder and Principal, Tech & Dev, Prakat Solutions, gave us a brief introduction to the work done by Rotary and their collaborative effort with the government and other organizations in virtually eradicating polio.
He spoke about Prakat’s initiative, a report on the state of 105 Karnataka Government websites. The report found that only eight of them were accessible. He invited the members of the audience to sign the petition to the Karnataka Government to make their websites accessible and also bring a surveillance mechanism in place to keep the sites honest and accessible to all.

Panel 2:
The second part of the panel discussion was moderated by Abhik and joined by Ms. Shanthi Raghavan, CEO, Enable India, Dr. Nandakumar Ramakrishnan, Ebay and Abhinav Kumar, Managing Consultant, Wipro.

Abhinav shared the story of Wipro’s Accessibility practice, which involved making wipro.com, and all of its internal applications used by 170,000+ employees worldwide, completely accessible. He spoke about their initiative of forming a forum for employees with special needs where they can voice their perspectives. People highlighted all sorts of challenges, for example, one visually challenged person highlighted that the even to view details on something as confidential as their payslips, they would need the help of a sighted colleague.

Shanti gave several examples to her point that features designed for the benefit of people with disabilities do in fact end up benefiting everyone. The vibrate mode on phones, subtitles for audiovisuals, etc., initially designed for the hearing impaired have become universally useful today. Most importantly, she gave us two cases of accessibility innovations that helped not just the visually challenged but also the society at large. 1. Car dealerships facing high attrition in their after sales support teams, made their internal applications accessible to leverage over one lakh potential candidates who were visually challenged. Not only did the visually challenged benefit from the employment, but so did the car dealership. 2. After analyzing jobs that could be available for visually challenged in SBI, it was found that they could take on the role of Passbook printing. The only change the bank needed to make was add the account number in barcode format on passbooks, which benefited not just the visually challenged but also ensured error free number entry for other employees.

Dr. Nandakumar spoke about the importance of ‘left-shifting’ our accessibility practice, that is to incorporate accessibility earlier in the lifecycle. A simple observation he made was that we rarely go to banks these days due to the advent of online and mobile banking. But in some decades, when we grow old, we might face one or the other type of age related disability, which might make these modes of banking inaccessible to us. It would not be possible to invest in changing decades’ of code then. He stressed that enabling accessibility adds to cost only when it is an afterthought, not when it is thought of in the initial stages of product design. He also spoke of the need to make innovations in accessibility open source, as they would benefit the entire community.

Inclusive Design 24
The Paciello Group has hosted wonderful series of 24 talks under the banner of “http://www.inclusivedesign24.org/”>Inclusive Design 24 and More about Inclusive Design 24:

Inclusive Design 24 celebrates efforts worldwide to ensure people with disabilities have full and equal access to the web. We invite you to join the celebration and connect with the accessibility community, and learn your role in moving accessibility forward. Together we can take great strides toward making a web for everyone.

To celebrate Global Accessibility Awareness Day, The Paciello Group will be holding 24 completely free one-hour webinars on all things accessibility. The sessions range from beginner-to-advanced and are aimed at everyone from executives to web developers.

Missed the session? Replay from The Paciello Group’s YouTube Channel:

At Apple There were a lot of events happened at Apple to mark Global Accessibility Awareness Day. Visit iMore page for details

NewzHook has run a campaign on Facebook called #IAmForInclusion.

Deque and NASSCOM Foundation teamed up and hosted an event at T-Labs, Hyderabad that includes talks, demos of accessibility testing tools etc.,

There were many more events around the world. Visit In-person events page of GAAD website to learn about other events.

From Twitter #GAAD

Categories: Accessibility News, Web Accessibility Tags:

Colours with Good Contrast – Accessibility Tips

May 19, 2016 • Srinivasu Chakravarthula

Today colours play a big role in design. It’s important to ensure that there is sufficient contrast between foreground and background. For regular text, there should be minimum ratio of 4.5:1. Be especially careful while dealing with light color shades of gray, orange and yellow

WCAG Success Criteria: 1.4.3 Contrast (minimum) Level AA

Exceptions

  • Large Text: Large-scale text and images of large-scale text have a contrast ratio of at least 3:1;
  • Incidental: Text or images of text that are part of an inactive user interface component, that are pure decoration, that are not visible to anyone, or that are part of a picture that contains significant other visual content, have no contrast requirement.
  • Logotypes: Text that is part of a logo or brand name has no minimum contrast requirement.

Tools to analyze

Choose right and neat colours!

Categories: Accessibility Tips Tags: , ,

Heading Structure – Accessibility Tips

May 18, 2016 • Srinivasu Chakravarthula

Right heading structure improves user experience and provide easy access to content. It’s essential to mark up using real HTML heading mark-up and not just styling as headings. Often times some developers make text bold, increase font size for headings instead using real HTML mark-up.

Why is it essential to use real heading mark-up?

  • When styles are turned off, they still have to look like headings
  • Screen readers such as NVDA, rely on mark-up to expose information to users. If headings are not marked-up using real HTML, they will be treated as plain text
  • When HTML heading attributes are used, screen reader users can skim read the content
  • Search engines look up for headings to retrieve relevant content to users

things to remember while designing headings

  • Ensure that heading levels are not skipped
  • Ensure that page must have at least one <h1>

Related WCAG Success Criteria

  • 1.3.1 Info & Relationships Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. (Level A)
  • 2.4.1 Bypass Blocks A mechanism is available to bypass blocks of content that are repeated on multiple Web pages. (Level A)
  • 2.4.6 Headings and labels Headings and labels describe topic or purpose. (Level AA)
  • 2.4.10 Section headings – Section headings are used to organize the content. (Level AAA)

How to test?

  • Use WAVE by WebAIM and look for structured elements
  • If you are using NVDA screen reader, Press Insert + F7 which brings up elements dialog and look for Headings

Build structured contnet!

Categories: Web Accessibility Tags: , , ,

W3C’s WAI Calls for Review of Web Accessibility Perspectives videos

May 18, 2016 • Srinivasu Chakravarthula

We all know it’s challenging to raise awareness about accessibility. Some people get inspired and covert but many still resist keeping myths in mind. As it’s is known that injecting myth is far more easier than injecting truth and reality.

Education and Outreach Working Group of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has recently put together a few wonderful videos on Web Accessibility Perspectives. Videos are precise, simple to understand, accessible and captioned.

Each resource page has Video, information about the feature, who depends on the feature, additional benefits, what needs to happen for feature to work, related links including accessibility principle, getting started tutorial, easy check, user story, Success Criteria of WCAG 2.0, User story and a tutorial.

This would be perfect resource to use during your event on the occasion of Global Accessibility Awareness Day.

Below are the list of videos available:

Should you wish to help improving this resource may write to publicly archived list at wai-eo-editors[at]w3[dot]org or Create a issue on Github (requires GitHub account

Accessibility Resources for Developers

May 12, 2016 • Srinivasu Chakravarthula

While we add content to our a11y resources page, to mark Global Accessibility Awareness Day, here is a quick list of some cool resources for Developers.

Categories: Web Accessibility Tags: , ,

Accessibility round-up Week 1, May 2016

May 6, 2016 • Srinivasu Chakravarthula

After some gap, we are back with Accessibility round-up. Here is stuff for this week

  1. Accessibility by design – IBM [Video]
  2. Command line Accessibility Tools
  3. Accessibility Testing with NVDA Screen reader by Deque [Video]
  4. Events Across the world to mark Global Accessibility Awareness Day on May 19, 2016
  5. 7 things every designer needs to know about Accessibility (Credit: Arthi Amaran)
  6. Accessibility Ready themes for Word Press
  7. Inclusive design – a chance to design in more innovative way by Ben of Microsoft
  8. Accessible gaming includes list of a few PC and console games
  9. Guidelines for Audio description on videos
Categories: Accessibility News Tags: